Olifante califal

Stock No.: 2577
Chronology: X III- XIV ?
School: Cordovan (?) / Spanish (?)
Place of production: Cordova (?) / Spain (?)
Material: Ivory.
Technique: Size
Dimensions: 45 cm.
Location: CABINET, Showcase 21.4

Thespawn this copy decoration of animals between roleos, but type less "classic" than usual. They are crudely drawn animals but with great imagination to present a new typology: Eagles and Lions, mermaids and bears, birds that resemble "dinosaurs" for their thick tails, taps and strange birds. There are two chests, both bone, repeat similar themes and similar treatment (10006, 10007). One in the Museum of Applied Arts in Berlin, belonged to Prince Leopold of Prussia, candidate was the throne of Spain after the fall of Isabel II, the other is in the National Archaeological Museum (52098), where it is not displayed, although it was presented at the Barcelona Exhibition, 1929, as "work of Romanesque art" (nº 2222 of that sample). Offer him a photograph. This specimen is atypical for its faded color both, little akin to the other copies, and a decor. Certainly the reasons come to be the same for the prototype amalfitanos oliphaunts (animals roleos), but neither the network nor collects its figures are equivalent. The number of animals selected above allow get a feel for these essential differences. Among them are habitual beings in Islamic representations: taps, Greek harpies or sirens, lions, cheetahs and even hunting dogs. Others like the eagle are not so, although not missing. The carving is deeper than amalfitanas despite weak thickness Fang, deformed and something that appears to be of a young elephant, possibly Asian. DOMINGUEZ perela, in his article cited, seems to point to a workshop uncertain situation and a very late chronology, s. XIII-XIV podria to be considered part. No share, in return, its view assimilating model of this decoration to the Hispanic ivories califales. For my part I incline to the production suritálica with respect to bone boxes aforesaid, but I can not fully participate in the same idea about this copy, it would be necessary to wait for a time to search for laboratory assessment approximated. Anyway, the oliphaunts dated to the thirteenth or fourteenth century have very little or no decoration. Byzantine or Egyptian specimens are clearly differentiated. In any case, a resemblance in the trace of the specimen in question could arise with the called St. Hubert Museum Crozatier Puy en Velay (nº1433),11031, suritálico considered late s.XI, though some boxes assimilated to Germanic s bone. XIII. (Angel Galán y Galindo of Islam in Medieval Ivories)

Old Inventory: The Olifants Cuerno hunting in ivory decorated in relief, into three zones: one toward the mouth, shared in squares within each of which are quadruped or eagles, alternating; other, Wide, linked in a triangular pattern with circles ranging harpies, birds and quadrupeds; and other, towards the mouth, circles of strings of beads with quadrupeds and birds. Rope length, 450 mm. (CAMPS CAZORLA, Emilio 1949-1950)

Source: Lázaro Galdiano Museum. Madrid

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