There is a small town nestled in the French region of Languedoc current, specifically in the region of Albi, not far from the mythical river Tarn and the Franco-Spanish Pyrenean border, whose name we may be familar. The town, Originally a Bastide (fortified city) founded in 1222, has a well called Cordes, from 1993 Cordes-sur-Ciel.
You might think that it forced the derivation of the name Cordoba to Cordes, but there is every reason to reach a conclusion in principle as risky. To do this we must review, first, the history of a region that for most of the Middle Ages had substantial autonomy from the rest of France. The history of houses or fortified cities of the region dates back to the thirteenth and fourteenth, following the tragic episode of the repression carried out by the Crusader armies against the Cathars, ultimate heresy that took root in the Languedoc so often Cathar and Albigensian usually taken as synonymous terms.
The earliest urban foundations, true defensive points Cathars, were sponsored under the control of Raymond VII, Count of Toulouse: Villeneuve-la-Vieille (1212), Ropes (1222), Castelnau-de-Montmiral (1222), Rouairoux (1224) y Lisle-sur-Tarn (1229-1230). These houses attest to a conscious urban planning, adapted to the slopes of the steepest points, chosen precisely because of their inaccessibility and naturally defensive. Them, Mr. Noble provided or security, but also new cities or "free cities", namely, tax free, facilitating the social improvement of its new settlers.
After the Crusade recovered Tarn, participant in a general economic boom, and that, and the embroidery, led to the creation of new houses: Lisle-sur-Tarn (1229), Villefranche d'Albigeois, founded in 1239 by the nephew of Simon de Montfort, St inc (1247), Labessiere-Candeil (1255), Florentin (1260), the fortified town of Réalmont (1272), Valencia and Cadiz (1279), Briatexte (1290), Pampelonne (1290)Thereafter ..., architectural and urban phenomenon extended far beyond the confines of the Tarn region, throughout the Southwest of France.
Are clear and this at the moment the obvious connections between toponymic houses Tarn and certain Hispanic cities: Valencia, Cadiz, Pamplona ... Cordoba. Some web of the French town gives as valid such a link, proposing, yes, mythical connections somewhat stereotyped character:
“Several hypotheses have been advanced, but most likely the name was a loan to the Spanish city of Cordoba, of Cordoue (Córdoba in Spanish) that in the twelfth century was a city of lights, where the spirit reigned dramatically tolerance, welcoming all ideas, all sciences and all theologies.
But back to Cordes and history. Cordes has earned the principles of Córdoba, her older sister, because since its foundation walls between people of different backgrounds coexist and, above all, of different religions. Cathars and Catholics live in harmony. Also, when the time of persecution, Cordes Catholics demonstrated extraordinary solidarity towards their brothers martyrs (Cathars)”.
But if you still, Dear Reader reader, not satisfied or satisfied of so clear relationship, allow me to show another accurate data, this time of a strictly philological should establish further the already strong relations between our locations. 'Ropes’ in French translates to 'string', them and footwear in general and was engaged by hand much of its population, being still nowadays sign of their identity. But if anything has triumphed precisely Córdoba in French culture has been for their hides (Leather) and, as articles derived therefrom, by his shoes. In fact, French ancient 'Zapatero' was mentioned as 'cordounier' (of Cordoue, Cordova), deriving such a term to the current 'cordonnier'. So a French dictionary refers to such a voice:
CORDOUNIER. Shoemaker. The word comes from the old French Cordovan, Cordovan leather was formed on Cordoba, city in Spain where the best leather was made.
"Ung cordouanier be made rich by resverie". (Gargantua).
Be the homophonic relationship of various houses South of France with certain Spanish towns; is indeed mythical character that locals want to give it to own your villa relating it to the equally mythical city of Córdoba; or a strictly etymological derivation-semantic, Cordes Sur Ciel are the small Córdoba beyond the Pyrenees.