Andl Saturday, having tea at the home of Manuel parishioner, talked about the issues that usually also talked on this platform. At some point he left the issue of Imagined Museum of Cordoba, which Manuel said that he thought he was exhausted because they had already left the bulk of the pieces. The truth is that I was surprised that vision coming from a person so deeply aware of our history and our culture. Por supuesto que rápidamente me dispuse a hacerle ver que no solo no era cierto, but now the MIC was barely even a 10% the material can be expected to cover. I assured him that I had not yet located and publish at least as much as what today is published on our site. From all this and to certify what he had, I chose a resounding and dramatic example that left no doubt what he said.
If we in the MIC, in this time we have inventoried twenty califales capitals, solo la Giralda of Seville contains in its four facades 121 capitals torn from Medina Azahara. Another handful have Alcazares in Seville. This remains so massive plundering gives an idea of the impressive quality of the factory Medina Azahara. His remains are extended with the intensity of water waves across the geography. To the north the remains come to Europe and south no record of them in the city of Marrakech.
But besides this incorporation of more than one hundred caliphal capitals tower Giralda, more so reinforces the Cordoba influences of this tower icon Seville. If it your first construction is inspired by the minaret of Córdoba, Manuel explained as well on your blog, Christian reform to give it belfry is adjudicated bankrupt the Cordovan architect Hernán Ruiz also amends Cordoba tower. There is a metaphorical way twinning of the two cities written in stone at this Seville Tower.
I found the Photo Library of the University of Seville (excellent indeed but little written references) a large collection of photographs of many of these capitals. There seem to be all, although it is possible that the photographer, who does custom work if I did the full. José María González-Nandín and photographer Paul Seville is the author of the photo 1923. I found very little biographical information about this prolific photographer (17.388 his photographs are in this hemeroteca) that was graphic chronicler of the early twentieth century in Seville.
So therefore, and to top, in one post I just multiply by six the number of caliphal capitals which realizes this page. But also, as Manuel le COMMENT, there is still much Cordovan all times material distributed worldwide. As I said earlier, This haul is the trail of water waves; closer to the creator to focus, more intensity remains.
LOOTING THE PROCESS OF MEDINA AZAHARA
The year 1010 begins “fitna” revolution or just with the Caliphate of Córdoba. Berber or Moorish mercenaries military, assault and destroy the great courtesans and harassed by the Cordoba people creations are enclosed in Medina Azahara, where they commit all sorts of depredations and a huge fire just with the wonderful creation. In the final assault, Azahara recent settlers take refuge in the Mosque, where the soldiers mercilessly slaughters women and children, and after six months of plunder and death, way out of ports trying to return to African soil.
After the great fire in the city and after the abandonment of it by his Berber troops looting and destruction begins, sold as scrap by inept rulers of the city metals, such as door knobs and lead channels. A century later, in the Almoravid period, columns and rich pieces ripped to apply in distant buildings. Another century later, Almohads continued to use materials wherever Medina Azahara raised their large buildings, both Sevilla, as in Marrakesh. The Alcázar of Seville contains lots of caliphal capitals, retaining the dates and the Cordovan caliphs praises. In the windows of the Giralda in Seville are counted 121 capitals from Medina Azahara and only three purely almohades.
In 1555 the oldest draft top of the tower is presented, project was rejected by the council. He was the author the architect Diego de Vergara, Master of the Cathedral of Malaga, crown and the proposed tower with a pyramidal top, oak, lined “Moorish plates and given golden Aleton, which long relumbrará”. Two years later, in 1557, the Seville chapter convova a new open competition between Spanish architects to solve the problem of the final auction, and 5 January 1558 has approved the project submitted by the Cordovan architect Hernán Ruiz Jimenez, Young, immediately begin work on the beautiful Mannerist bell, who finished in 1565. This architectural work is completed saw, from this date, with the pictorial program, following standards Pacheco, executed the master Luis de Vargas and his team, and that hardly vestiges in the walls of the tower.
Another century later, Almohads continued to use materials wherever Medina Azahara raised their large buildings, both Sevilla, as in Marrakech. The Alcázar of Seville contains lots of caliphal capitals, retaining the dates and the Cordovan caliphs praises. In the windows of the Giralda in Seville are counted 121 capitals from Medina Azahara and only three purely almohades.
After the conquest of Cordoba in 1236 by Fernando III of Santo, Medina Azahara is only an unfortunate and ruin the stone blocks of its walls are obtained for the construction of churches in Cordoba, convents, palaces and bridges. The palace city of Abderrahman had lost even the memory of his name and Ambrosio de Morales, the great historian and chronicler of Philip II, He even said that the ruins were Roman, although Pedro Diaz de Rivas, Contemporary Cordovan, wrote a book to prove that they were those of the great Moorish palace built by Abderrahman III.
Source of this support: Francisco J. Castejón Calderón – Webislam