Alphabetical glossary of architectural terms

It would be nice to build a architectural terms regarding the Mosque. This would complement the already made of the description of parts. How can we edit this post all, I invite those who Vaya completándolo. I've found two unknown terms but serve me to start. Ensure inclusion alphabetical.

Athe Andalus: Geographical name given to the Muslims of the Iberian peninsula built in the Islamic world. From this point of view, al-Andalus is the Muslim Spain to Christian Spain against the northern peninsula.
Alcazaba: Término Arabic origen, al-qasbah, fortified area within a walled enclosure and final population of military resistance in it. It also features a building not only military, but with administrative and civil functions added to generally be the residence of a ruler. Citadels of Málaga, Almeria Granada, Typical examples of Muslim architecture in Spain, Period of the Taifa Kingdoms, siglo XI, Period and Nazari, XIII and XIV centuries.

Alfarje: Flat wooden roof.



Alminbar: Pulpit in the form of high chair with several steps and to the right of the Mihrab, pronounced the Khatib where the Friday sermon.

Alminar: Tower located in the courtyard of the mosque with an upper deck where there was a small room. From this tower the muezzin call to prayer. Sometimes they used this room as refuge

Almohade: (Literally drive defender) North African Berber dynasty emerged from the preaching of Ibn stickler Tumart. His successors were proclaimed caliphs extended their power and North Africa, after defeating the Almoravids, then going to al-Andalus.

♦ Almorávides: (Literally “inhabitants of the rábida” the convent of monjes Guerreros) North African Berber dynasty emerged from the sermons of Ibn Yasin. Killed in combat this, his successors managed to extend its authority throughout North Africa and al-Andalus. Ibn Yusuf emphasized including Tasfin who founded the city of Marrakesh, making capital of the Almoravid empire.

♦ Almuedanos: Religious people who take turns to call the faithful five times a day, from the balcony of the minaret where pronounced twice followed protocol religious formulas. Fridays other muezzins are placed behind the door of the mosque to make a second call.

Arrocabe: Support area where roofs, that supported the alfarje.

Asicafe: Location mosques prayer intended for women and men separately using lattices normally.


Bereberes: Nomadic tribes of North Africa with relative ease Islamized after the conquest of this region by the Muslim empire.

CAmara Treasury: Liugar where Muslims saved alms and donations used to cover any need in the community. In the mosque of Cordoba is to the left of the Mihrab.

Celosía: Draft board to close openings, preventing be seen but obscures.

Contrafuerte: Added as a pilaster thickness serves to strengthen the wall. Also called stirrup.

Cordobán: The cordovan leather were goat or goat tanned in Cordoba in the early days of the Arab Emirate, quality which made them famous, and that the extraordinary demand of them had worked later in almost all Spain and were exported to Europe. ( + )


♦ Festonado (Arc):

Guadamecí: The guadameci consisted of tanned sheepskin and later gilt and polychrome. Original of Ghadames, quickly acquires Spanish character and is also a favorite in European decorations. ( + )

Herradura (Arch): When the steepness of the arc is not linear but curvilinear. The curve of the arch and passes the center of the semicircle is above the line of imposts. Typical Architecture and Visigoth, influence of this, Islamic architecture in Spain, its most characteristic examples are found in the Mosque of Cordoba.

Ifriqiya: Name given by the Muslims in North Africa. After the area was reserved for eastern Libya and employed the al-maghrib (West) to the west to Morocco.

Iman: Prayer guide that was placed next to the mihrab and alminbar. He was an educated man and an extraordinary reputation for pious. I was elected by the caliph who was the supreme Fridge.

♦ Jatib: Person uttering the sermon with a cane in hand- inherited symbol of command of the Prophet Muhammad, who was placed on the alminbar.

Jutba: Sermon Khatib pronouncing sentence on Friday at noon and at special festivals
Thesteelworks: Decorative motif, also called "arabesques", consisting of a series of intersecting lines that give rise to stellate and polygonal shapes. The basis on which the drawing is developed, repeated indefinitely, is a regular polygon with four, the six sides of ocho.
Lobed (Arc): Arc formed by juxtaposed lobes, with a path of small arches at the intrados, three, five or more. From the tenth century we find in the expansion of Al-Hakam II of Cordoba Mosque, in mexuar and the mihrab.

Macsura: Fencing surrounding the most sacred area of ​​the mosque, where the sovereign attends prayer. The most characteristic example is found in the Expansion of Al-Hakam II.


Mosque: The word derives from the Arabic masjid mosque, which means "a place where one prostrates before God".

Midá: Place cells and latrines for the prayer ablutions efore.

Mihrab: Niche dominated by a small dome or internal space preceded by a bow, made in the wall of the qibla, forming the Sancta sanctorum of a mosque. The mihrab indicates the direction of Mecca towards which the ritual of Islamic prayer prostrations are made. It seems reminiscent of the Prophet takes place at his home in Medina when he led prayer. The most characteristic example is found in the Large Al-Hakam II of Cordoba Mosque.

Rostrum: I put pulpit to the right of the mihrab in mosques. From the top of the steps of the pulpit the preacher addresses the faithful. The most characteristic example is found in the Large Al-Hakam II of Cordoba Mosque, Cordovan Period of Muslim art in Spain, the tenth century.

Mixtilíneo (Arc): It is the arc formed by mixed lines, curved and straight. There are many varieties. The best and earliest examples are found in Spain in Zaragoza Aljafería.

Mocárabe: Prism or truncated inverted pyramid stucco or wood hanging from the upper parts of the Muslim buildings, arches and vaults, and to make it look stalactites, single or clustered.

Modillón roll: A set of rolls attached to the pillar shown attached to the upper arch. They have a curved shape and serve to transmit the thrust of the upper body toward your spine.

Quibla: Wall facing the mosque to Mecca, in which the mihrab stands. During prayer, the faithful make their prostrations facing the qibla. In Córdoba is facing south.

SShade: Passage linking the Alcazar with Mosque, used by the caliph to enter Macsura not go outside without being seen.

Sabil: Ablutions fountain in the courtyard or sahn Muslim mosques, usually under a pavilion.

Sahn: Patio or open space surrounded by galleries or porches, located in the northern or northeastern half of the Mosque. It communicates with the prayer hall through large arches. Usually you have a source for ablutions, and a cistern with a well and has trees.

Room Prayer:Space divided into naves by columns and arches, floor covered with mats or carpets where the faithful prostrate. Has direct door to the street and a large open courtyard facade.

Saquifas: Galleries side patio used to house the faithful, especially women, they have in them a quiet place for prayer.

Sillar: In architecture, squared stone cuboid

Sillarejo: Small Sillar, irregular and somewhat rough in texture, it is normally worked mallets.

Taifa: Arabic word “group” the “faction”. This name is known to each of the realms in which al-Andalus was divided after the demise of the Caliphate of Córdoba.

Andamur: Attempt Minaret consisting of multiple balls or blocks of decreasing diameter up, strung on a vertical rod and finished crescent.

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