The milestones of the Patio de los Naranjos


An illustrated page with transcription of the inscriptions on the milestones, your photos and perhaps the diagram of the glasses Vicarelo. (all graphical documentation is)

A level epigraphic this track is one of the best known because it has been documented over forty milestones and inscriptions alluding to bridges. Among the milestones, preserved in the courtyard of the Mosque of Cordoba A total of four pieces, one time of Augustus, another of Tiberius, Tercero one of Caracalla, from the Dehesa de Rabanales (Current University Campus) and the last of Caligula.

In D.C. century. La Vía Augusta (that linked Rome to Gades) was the most important land route in the province of Andalusia. Ran from east to west along 262 miles, from the Arch of Janus, located in the Alto Guadalquivir, in the vicinity of the civitas of Castulo (Linares - Jaén), to the capital of conventus Gaditanus, Gades (Cadiz). The road had the same orientation as the Guadalquivir River and connecting the two ends of the Province through a path acceptably flat. In 1788, when such works were executed, appeared in the stream Guadalmazán, near La Carlota in Cordoba, a large block of black marble on which were inscribed the titles of Emperor Vespasian and the relationship of the works carried out during his tenure "Uiam Augustam Iano ab ad pontes Oceanum refecit ueteres restituit fecit" (Via Augusta remade from Jano Ocean, built bridges and restored the old). These texts attributed allowed, since, the name of Via Augusta to the main route of Andalusia.

In addition to recording referred, this pathway has provided forty milestones in his name also referred. In the time of milestones Augustus set out the path of the satellite "Augustus as the ocean, from the Janus, and Baetis" (from Betis and Jano Augustus to the Ocean); Tiberius used the formula "qui est ab Augusto Iano Baetem ad usque ad Oceanum" (from Janus Augusto next to the Betis to the Ocean); Caligula repeat the text used in the Augustus and Domitian milestones reads "ab arcu incipit unde Baetica Uiam augustum Militarem uetustate corruptam restituit" (Restaurant La Vía Augusta Military, devastated by years, from the arc that starts Andalusia). In the milestones of Nerva and Trajan formula used: pathways restored undone by years, and Caracalla and post only conclude with the expression: restored, without giving a specific name and path or origin point.

The full text containing the description of the Via Augusta is the so-called "Vessels Vicarello". There are four silver cylinders, in which is recorded the list of cities and mansions that were passing by travelers from Gades to Rome and miles between each (total 1.842 from Gades to Rome). These vessels of ten to fifteen feet high appeared in the year 1.852 Bathrooms en Vicarello, thermal village located 30 Km. North of Rome, in which it existed in ancient sanctuary dedicated to Apollo and the nymphs called Aquae Apollinares.

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