Prints of Córdoba: The Palace of the Volt

This picturesque name is as it was known the power plant in the municipality of The Carpio, considered one of the most significant examples of industrial architecture Andalusian early twentieth century. The plant is part of a larger project that consists of a dam and a communication channel between the two, called the whole “El Salto“. The subsequent history of the project and construction is, in summary, next:

Fachada oeste de la central
West Central Front

In 1898 two young engineers, Saez Carlos Mendoza and Alfredo Moreno Osorio Argandoña, installed an engineering office in Madrid, in the family home of the first. As a first option offered their civil engineering services to those municipalities that by the modesty of their budgets could not maintain a permanent service. Actually, what starts is kind of a technical office that since the beginning, with the addition of another engineer Antonio González Echarte, be oriented towards the various facets of the production, transport and distribution of electric energy. As telegraphic address adopting the name of Men-ge-mor, acronym formed from the first syllables of the names of its founders: Mendoza, Echarte and Moreno González.

In 1918, Mengemor obtained the grant of a jump 3500 HP in El Carpio to meet the electricity demands of the booming economy of the time Cordovan, although expandable to 6000 HP. Mengemor accepts and indemnifies the Duke of Alba,es, owner of the land where he would build such a jump; the initial project, once refurbished, left with an installed capacity of 7000 HP, but would finally with 10.500 HP, with a budget of 7.5 million pesetas, although it doubled the final cost, 14.7 million. The set consists of a movable dam six gates, a power plant and a camera water storage pond. Work started in 1920 opened in 1922 being installed capacity of the plant at the time superior to that of all other plants together that had the Company.
Fachada este de la central
Central East Facade

With a very favorable location, in a bend of the river about five miles, “El Salto” El Carpio was a work performed by administration by the Company under the direction of his Don Carlos Mendoza, with engineer Don Antonio del Aguila as director of works and the collaboration of architect Don Casto Fernández-Shaw, they got to the set, dam and power, one admirable work for various reasons,, including the successful integration of the buildings into the landscape. The jump from El Carpio favored in transit Mengemor preferably about customers to other urban miners, to join their market supply of the city of Córdoba.

Publicidad de la central en la revista Blanco y Negro del año 1933
Central Advertising in the magazine of the year White and Black 1933

Power Plant is a building with an aesthetic concern, de planta rectangular y diseño de inspiración neomudéjar, especially in the vaults of the covered, hits, windows and railings. The cover has two threads domed turrets brick of a singular air historicist and expressionist, plus some details among which a balcony overlooking the Guadalquivir supported by a head elephant as a brace, Granada sculptor Juan Cristobal, with which it is intended to symbolize the 10.500 horse power plant. The factory is treated as an ashlar blocks and importantly, the design of foreign-made turbines, in use since its installation.

Fachada sur de la central; detalle del balcón y el elefante
South Central Facade; detail of the balcony and the elephant

The dam is situated at Km. 3 the road from Pedro Abad-Adamuz (CO-3107), in the Guadalquivir River. Located in a place where there were some old watermills, has two brackets on both sides of the river bed level the five interior buttresses that support the double doors and the bridge deck, up on it to support the metal structure where the machines are supported actuate the double doors. At the end of the right bank, a stirrup arch stands on the road in the form of door. Here live the stairs to the control room, completed by one octagonal turret, which had a dome. This dome, the horseshoe arch with drip cap, groups of single or double windows and railings brackets are the Mudejar style driveway.

Presa: Arco de entrada
Socket: Entrance arch

His artistic values ​​earned it in 1925 Gold Medal of the Exhibition of Decorative Arts in Paris and later the dam "El Salto" was declared a Cultural (BIC), with the Monument category, by the Governing Council of the Andalusian Year 2003.

Presa desde la orilla del río
Dam from the river bank
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  1. After what happened to The Innkeeper, Manuel Harazem, Dr.. Mabuse….now, Vd. Mr. Werrybee.
    Anyone hanging the first post that he go through your head!
    What nivelazo!

  2. Joderrrr!!!! Werrybee, here you got me but good. I had no idea of ​​the existence of this gem of industrial architecture, pero ni idea vaya.
    As I am taking the bike stops raining and pirándome to see with my camera. Also sure to be a good time to take pictures.
    That cane! and old newspaper article will not tell you, with that illustration in blue and the name that appears the title of a Poe story or out of Lord of the Rings… Mongemor… the strength of thunder.

  3. Oh, really that’s a piece of flipping. Like you, bartender had no idea, the surprises of our heritage are inscrutable. To me the first thing that came to mind, and I mean werrybee own because it's cutrecinéfilo I, that image has been holding the elephant supermegakitsch Juliet balconcillo. But not in any production caspoibérica, but in the mythical series Octopussy 007. Years ago I managed to visit the palace in the center of Udaipur lake in a boat to evoke scenes of that movie, one of my many weaknesses unspeakable, but after seeing that balconcillo Cordoba am sure that if I had known John Glen, director, I would have preferred to marble elephant by Roger Moore enters the interior of the palace of the Queen of the Octopus.

  4. Thanks for your comments. Here you have a press release that refers to the opening of the dam by Alfonso XIII:

    ABC 26 April 1922

    Years ago I saw Octopussy and do not remember the scene of the palace; I remember the only elephant in the film is to Moulin Rougand.

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