The late minbar

Youcomments we extracted the network to approach the alminbar Cordoba, model for the construction of almimbares, o mimbares, throughout North Africa, where the most valuable, the Marrakech was built in Cordoba. An emergency call to customer Harazen for etymological point: mimbar word has the root “nbr” (you know that there are no vowels in the Arabic language) meaning “speak out”. In this link you can see in great detail carving work wood parts made in Córdoba for the furniture of Marrakech.

The minbar of Marrakech
To the right of the mihrab, between it and the Sabbath or hallway door that led to the palace, and next to it there was also a tall narrow door, now boarded up and hidden abroad, that served to keep the minbar or pulpit that used the khatib or the caliph to deliver the khutba or Friday sermon. These were placed on the penultimate tier and the highest was never used in honor and in memory of the Prophet.

The minbar of Cordoba was a large wooden movable furniture, endowed with its wheels to be moved and stored with ease, and featured on the front a series of steps, nine in the case of Cordoba, two rails on both sides. This is usually the most precious furniture throughout the mosque, profusely decorated on all surfaces.

At first al-Hakam II made use of the minbar which was next to the mihrab of 'Abd al-Rahman II, but once the works of its new expansion were underway decided to build a new, which would be completed by the year 966. The chronicles tell us that they had 36 000 pieces of fine marquetry, made from ivory and precious woods (aloe, ebony, sandalwood, etcetera.), also had silver hardware. This cabinet went through various vicissitudes before its complete disappearance. The entry into the city of the Christian troops of Alfonso VII in 1146 caused him serious injury, and eventually his pieces appeared in North Africa. We know that, for better or worse, remained inside the mosque until the seventeenth century, when it was finally destroyed after the completion of a series of works in this area of ​​the building.

To get a good idea of ​​its beauty we must contemplate the minbar of the mosque Marrakech Kutubia (today in the Palace Museum Al-Badi in the same city), made in the twelfth century and almost four meters high. This copy was made in the Moroccan city of Córdoba own custom Almoravid emir, Ali b. Yusuf to 514/1120 (concluded 532/1137), so certainly the work of al-Hakam served as a model. Do not forget that the Umayyad Cordoba was always the mirror in which the entire Islamic West always wanted to look.


Document No.. 161
Comparing the minbar famous mosque of Cordoba Mosque of Tlemcen and built under the Benimerines Sultan Abu-l-Hasan

“As to almemor (of the al-Mansur Marrakush), all master craftsmen of the time agree that the world was never anything like, pointing out all that, both the minbar of Córdoba as the Marrakesh Kutubia, are more elaborate almimbares, because the (architects) Eastern, as can be deduced from his works, do not have expertise in wood carving.

The minbar of the Great Mosque of Cordoba arrived in al-Maghreb numerous pieces and compared with the minbar (of Tlemcen) and first comparing unfavorably left so concerns sculpted shapes, the size of a hazelnut or a chickpea, with recordings of the size of a grain of wheat or a similar. Seeing, people were astonished. May God punish required accounts and who caused the ruin of this, destroyed as a badge of glory around the Islam religion would forever honored.”

Ibn Marzuq, al-Musnad trad. M. J. Viguera, pp. 322-3.

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1 Comment

  1. Esteban, reference that you put up is invalid because you have google skirt up and it makes the URL not clean. You can remove, and must, before making the link to the page.
    In the same upper skirt is a button to do.

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