Possible influences of the Mosque of Cordoba in the Romanesque Auvergne

A few days ago our friend Jerome made reference to an attractive idea: Córdoba search through influences bequeathed to the Art History. If already is complex cataloging the works carried out this side of Betis and are already out of it, by secular spoliation or other reasons, venture into dangerous territory as it can cost the lives of more than one.

Casually, while searching for information on classical bronzes fawns, I found in the ancient book of Georges Marçais, The Muslim Art (1926), references to the footprint left by the Cordovan Caliphate art according to him in the Romanesque Auvergne. I have been unable to go there but as the network of networks can almost everything I've made a picture of the situation.

Transcribe information I have found on this subject fairly complete. Mostly because it is quite late and prefer, also, reading, and left to the reader's imagination the verdict of such influences with the contemplation of images.

Art historians of the first half of the twentieth century a number of questions were raised about the original architecture of the cathedral of Puy, especially around the vexed issue of Islamic influences. And in 1911 and in 1923, Emile Mâle was convinced of the influence exerted by the Spanish Muslim art on the monuments of the region of Velay : "It is in the heart of the mountains of the Velay, Le Puy, where monuments that testify most clearly are Muslim influence in France. The strange polychrome facade of the cathedral awake, before any reflection, a confused impression of East. In the wonderful cloister […] alternating black and white segments of the arches reminiscent of red and white arches of the mosque of Cordoba ". Follows that, City to be the starting point of one of the four main pilgrimage routes de Compostela, is likely to come Puy Arabs and Christians were to Cordoba. Some years later, Ahmad Fikry, student of Henri Focillon, vuelve en una tesis de doctorado a la influencia de las formas islámicas sobre el arte románico francés y Le Puy-en-Velay. Sets especially a parallel between the domes of Puy and Mosque of Kairouan. Meanwhile Louis Bréhier noted similarities between the octagonal domes over the nave and Fallopian Moorish architecture of Spain. According Bréhier, if the architect was not a Muslim was definitely a Mozarabic Christian”. Read more.

In any case, seems a matter resolved to the recent historiography. Are you sure?

And here some pictures:

Cathedral of Our Lady. Mrs.. Puy-en-Veley
Cathedral of Our Lady. Mrs.. Puy-en-Veley
Cathedral of Our Lady. Mrs.. Puy-en-Velay.
Cathedral of Our Lady. Mrs.. Puy-en-Velay.
Cathedral of Our Lady. Mrs.. Puy-en-Velay
Cathedral of Our Lady. Mrs.. Puy-en-Velay

I indicated to venture into these areas was especially dangerous…

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  1. This text is here:

    Jerónimo Sánchez: Something else. I put it here for convenience, but refers to previous post you put the Romanesque church. There may be influenced by alternating Cordoba in the segments, but I would be inclined rather (and construction dates) towards more direct Byzantine influence. What would you think? Just when it appears in Western Europe a troop of Eastern Rite Catholic monks, that are driven by the Byzantines because the postulates of the orthodox not undergo. I know the issue because in the years that dug in Tusculum (1998-2003) had the opportunity to excavate one of these churches of such communities. In fact, there is still a community of Eastern Rite Catholic monks in Grottaferrata, at the Abbey of S. Nile.
    I put a link.

    And do not forget that the mosque, also, drinking from the same source, namely, The bizantina in Syria.
    I see too much influence of the Carolingian art ... do not you think? Aachen and all that. Good, to see what you seem.
    Certainly, meeting to see if the image is Durham, that I have to have for some file.

    Answer writing:
    To see how I respond to this. Actually I do not see so clearly the Caliphate influence in this or other cases. Examples of alternating color in the segments are not unique to Al-Andalus. Not even its origin is in it. However, I can not help, when I see examples like this, como Sta. Mary Vezelay, as the Palatine Chapel in Aachen, you've said, as San Miguel de Hildesheim, and, course, as the Middle East, makes my eyes returned.

    Let time. I will try to discuss the matter. I consider this very interesting. Harazem should know this a long time. Sure that he too will have eyes sometimes returned.

  2. Sorry to be so busy these days and do not have time to go. You have really touched me a fiber in which I have dived (quite blind, given the nature of the case) much, but too long. I would have walked rescordar trying to figure out who he bicoloreó first if the architect of the palace chapel at Aachen (790) or the Mosque of Cordoba (786) and responsibility of the engineer of Los Milagros Mérida. The issue is tricky, but a couple of mouse clicks led me to a discussion that took our Rafaelji and whose depth overwhelms me. He is probably best placed to provide more pieces to this tasty barbecue bait altomedieval.


  3. Giving me a tour of Paris today as to be Alcolea to buy snuff I have been a pleasant surprise near the Luxembourg Gardens (a part of me is incredibly familiar to this city to other Mediterranean Spanish even though the distance, but certainly nothing to do with my now longed Netherlands). The case, I've seen a little thing and I have remembered you, le he hecho foto, but I am dog and I have no time to go to the computer photo, so making use of Google technologies I invite you stroll around there. The site if I remember correctly it was something like an Institute for the Study of Outre-Mer (in my limited French to me the more). Good, to see if it works, the building is on your left as you by the link (DADLE to botoncito this poses streetview), and a little behind.


    Greetings mon amies!!

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